Bonded again fused cast alumina block is a type of bonded again sintered refractory brick made of fused corundum clinker as the granular material and fused corundum or sintered corundum powder as the matrix.
When using fused brown corundum or white corundum as raw materials, the frits should be smashed and then processed by removing the ferro-silicon alloy and other impurities. White corundum should be processed by removing the flaky sodium aluminate crystals and other low-melting substances. The impurities are easy to be identified since they have low density and float in the surface of corundum frits.
There are a few harmful ingredients in the corundum which will cause poor sintering or cracking, so corundum should be pre-calcined before use. The residual ferro-silicon alloy is oxidized and decomposed into Fe2O3 and SiO2 at 500-1000? and Ti in the minerals can be oxidized into TiO2 (rutile), which can cause large volume expansion. After pre-calcining, the stress caused by those decomposition reactions and oxidation reactions can be eliminated during the pre-calcining process and cracks caused by the volume expansion of those impurities can be avoided during the sintering process.
Fused corundum block has large volume, so it should be smashed with drop hammers and other ways and then pulverized. The pulverized fused corundum is stored by size after screened. Fused corundum is hard and difficult to grind. Therefore it is wet ground by ball mills or vibration ball mills. The grain size can be less than 40?m or even 10?m. The iron in the granular material can be removed with electromagnets and the iron in the fine powder can be washed with acids.
The batching of granular materials should be according to the principles of tightly packing, multilevel ratio, less intermediate particles and more fine powder. This can improve the density and sintering of the products. The additives include aluminum phosphate, phosphoric acid, aluminum chromium phosphate, cellulose and pulp waste solution. Among them, he most promising is active phosphate. Recently, ammonium phosphate is on the trial and achieves good results. The mud should be mixed evenly with a moisture content of 3-4%. After high pressure molding, high dense bricks are obtained.
The fused cast alumina block has high purity. It is difficult to sintere and should be sintered at 1800?. The type of the kilns used depends on the production scale. For small batch production, high-temperature batch kiln is better. For batch stable production, the small high-temperature tunnel kiln is used.
Zhengzhou Sunrise Refractory is a refractory supplier from China. We provide various refractory materials such as fused cast AZS, fused cast alumina block, silica brick, zircon brick, etc..